Shelter Belts / Drought Fodder
A permaculture principal is to utilise each element of design in several different ways. We have planted approximately 15000 trees over the past 4 years. These trees provide shelter breaks from our strong winds. They are designed to be 60% permeable and each corridor is spaced so that at mature height they will provide at least 50% wind attenuation accross all paddocks.
Reducing wind speed improves the living environment for the cattle, reducing their physical stress. Reducing wind speed also reduces temperature fluctuations and evaporation which stress the pastures.
These tree corridors link existing old vegetation with road vegetation providing protected corridors for small animal movement around different portions of the farm. The trees are of many and mixed species. In addition to providing wind and sun shelter they provide safe height for native nesting birds, observation points for birds of prey and shelter for ground birds.
The trees provide bird, bee & other insects, shelter & food. By attracting them they are providing the farm with a 'resource bank' for integrated pest management control naturally.
Tree species have been selected as potential fodder for cattle during drought situations.
The shelter belts also provide enjoyable areas for peace, observation and discovery.